I took these photos at the African Heritage Museum in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
There were runaway slave ads as well
as advertisements for slave auctions.
There were also accounts of punishments to be handed out.
Somehow many people forget that most of the kidnapped Africans were taken to the Caribbean and South America.
To see the well-worn and obviously used condition of these instruments of punishment and terror, was a chilling reminder of the brutality that Africans endured.